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Addictions

Addiction is widely considered a medical illness. For instance, The National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA] and the American Psychiatric Association [APA] both define addiction as a “brain disease,” and the DSM-V lists criteria for classifying addiction as a mental health condition called “Substance Use Disorder."
Drugs work by stimulating the reward circuitry in our brains. It releases dopamine — a chemical that causes feelings of pleasure — into the brain, causing extreme feelings of euphoria that highly motivate us to want to do the drug again. But if we continue to take the drug, our brains would adapt to these unnaturally large surges of dopamine by desensitizing itself to it.
This leads to not only tolerance, but also the need to take increasingly larger doses to feel an effect and a loss of pleasure from normal activities that were reinforced by much smaller amounts of dopamine like eating, sleeping, and being social. Some people even become physically dependant on the drug, facing withdrawal symptoms like nausea, fatigue and insomnia without it. At this point, continuing to use the drug is no longer a matter of a choice; both your body and your brain have become addicted to it, needing it to function and feel pleasure.

It's Complicated It's Complicated

Find a therapist or counsellor that can help with Addictions

Giannis Liatsikos

Psychologist in Berlin

Clinical Psychologist / Psychodynamic approach (Greek-speaking). Aiming at th....

Sean Carden

Integrative Counsellor in Berlin

As a Counselor, I offer individual Therapy to help clients: Gain self-awaren....

Yosef Starkin

Relational Psychotherapist in Berlin

C-O-N-N-E-C-T-I-O-N.

Shannon Leigh Cross

Clinical Psychologist and Psychotherapist (CBT) in Lenexa

As a Cognitive-Behavioural Psychotherapist, I work with clients with issues s....

Ella Boynton

Integrative Psychotherapist in London

I am an Integrative Psychotherapist offering face-to-face and Online sessions....

Matias Castagnola

Clinical Psychologist in Berlin

Clinical Psychologist developed as an individual/group therapist working with....

Charity Smith

Counsellor in Berlin

My counseling practice aims to create a safer space built on respect, honesty....

Justin Morris

Counsellor in Berlin

I am a US licensed therapist specialized in helping adolescents and adults ov....

Chloé

Psychodynamic Therapist, MSc Counseling and Psychotherapy in Paris

Based in Paris, I work specifically with expats all over the world who might ....

Harbans Nagpal

Psychoanalyst and Psychotherapist in Paris

I am a specialized psychotherapist with 25 years of experience in treating b....

Marzia Santori Reay

Jungian Analyst in Rome

As a multilingual multicultural psychoanalyst in Rome and London my work is ....

Vanessa Murri

Clinical Psychologist in Berlin

Working as a German, English and French speaking therapist in Berlin since ha....

Wolfgang Heine

Analyst in Berlin

All the potential disturbances facing us today – including relationship issue....

Alastair Roberts

CBT Therapist, Psychological Counsellor and Coach in Berlin

I am a UK accredited CBT/REBT Therapist, Psychological Counsellor and coach, ....

Kadri Arula

Music Therapist in Tallinn

Going beyond words can help us find our truest selves. .

Daniel Zecharia

Psychologist (Dipl.-Psych) in Berlin

As a psychologist, I believe that therapy should be relationship-driven, rath....

Paul Noel

CBT Therapist, Psychological Counsellor, Accredited Coach in Berlin

I provide a clear, results-based approach for you to get unstuck and experien....

Cas Hebbink

Psychological Counsellor in Berlin

As a counsellor, I attempt to create a growth-facilitating environment in whi....

Gaia Porcelli

M.Sc. Clinical Psychology in Berlin

As an English and Italian speaking psychologist, I aim to help clients to fin....